Neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory phenylethanoid glycosides from the fruits of Forsythia suspensa
Neuroinflammation is emerging as a crucial reason of major neurodegenerative diseases in recent years. Increasingly evidences have supported that bioactive natural products from traditional Chinese medicines have efficiency for neuroinflammation. Forsythia suspensa, a typical medicinal herb, showed potential neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties in previous pharmacological studies. In our research to obtain neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory natural products, three unprecedented C6–C7′/C6–C16′ linked phenylethanoid glycoside dimers (1–3), three new phenylethanoid glycosides (4–6), and six known compounds (7–12) were isolated from the fruits of Forsythia suspensa. Their structures were determined by comprehensive spectroscopic data and comparison to the literature data. All isolated compounds were evaluated their neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities. Compounds 1 and 10 exhibited significant neuroprotective activities with the cell viability values of 75.24 ± 8.05% and 93.65 ± 10.17%, respectively, for the serum-deprivation and rotenone induced pheochromocytoma (PC12) cell injury. Meanwhile, compound 1 exhibited excellent anti-inflammatory activity against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α expression in LPS induced RAW264.7 cells with the IC50 value of 1.30 μM. This study revealed that the bioactive phenylethanoid glycosides may attenuate neuroinflammation through their neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities.
J-815, P-2000, V-650
Neuroinflammation, neurodegenerative diseases