Role of phosphorylation clusters in the biology of the coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus nucleocapsid protein
Kelly-Anne Spencer, Michael Dee, Paul Britton, Julian A. Hiscox
The coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) nucleocapsid (N) protein is an RNA binding protein which is phosphorylated at two conserved clusters. Kinetic analysis of RNA binding indicated that the C-terminal phosphorylation cluster was involved in the recognition of viral RNA from non-viral RNA. The IBV N protein has been found to be essential for the successful recovery of IBV using reverse genetics systems. Rescue experiments indicated that phosphorylated N protein recovered infectious IBV more efficiently when compared to modified N proteins either partially or non-phosphorylated. Our data indicate that the phosphorylated form of the IBV N protein plays a role in virus biology.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Chemical stability, Biochemistry