The House Dust Mite Major Allergen Der p 23 Displays O-Glycan-Independent IgE Reactivities but No Chitin-Binding Activity
Wai Tuck Soh, Maxime Le Mignon, Narissara Suratannon, Pattraporn Satitsuksanoa, Pantipa Chatchatee, Jongkonnee Wongpiyaboron, Mukda Vangveravong, Ticha Rerkpattanapipat, Atik Sangasapaviliya, Emmanuel Nony, Surapon Piboonpocanun, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Alain Jacquet
The International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
The in-depth characterization of the recently identified house dust mite (HDM) major allergen Der p 23 requires the production of its recombinant counterpart because the natural allergen is poorly extractable from fecal pellets. This study aimed to provide a detailed physico-chemical characterization of recombinant Der p 23 (rDer p 23) as well as to investigate its IgE reactivity in a cohort of HDM-allergic patients from Thailand. Methods: Purified rDer p 23, secreted from recombinant Pichia pastoris, was characterized by mass spectrometry and circular dichroism analyses as well as for its chitin-binding activity. The IgE-binding frequency and allergenicity of Der p 23 were determined by ELISA and RBL-SX38 degranulation assays, respectively. Results: Purified intact rDer p 23 carried O-mannosylation and mainly adopted a random coil structure. Polyclonal antibodies to rDer p 23 can detect the corresponding natural allergen (nDer p 23) in aqueous fecal pellet extracts, suggesting that both forms of Der p 23 share common B-cell epitopes. Despite its homologies with chitin-binding proteins, both natural Der p 23 and rDer p 23 were unable to interact in vitro with chitin matrices. Of 222 Thai HDM-allergic patients tested, 54% displayed Der p 23-specific IgE responses. Finally, the allergenicity of rDer p 23 was confirmed by the degranulation of rat basophil leukemia cells. Our findings highlighted important levels of Der p 23 sensitizations in Thailand. Our study clearly suggested that rDer p 23 is likely more appropriate for HDM allergy component-resolved diagnosis than HDM extracts.
Circular dichroism, Ligand binding, Secondary structure, Medicinal, Biochemistry