Colorimetric determination of carbendazim based on the specific recognition of aptamer and the poly-diallyldimethylammonium chloride aggregation of gold nanoparticles
Song Wang, Lantian Su, Lumei Wang, Dongwei Zhang, Guoqing Shen, Yun Ma
Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
This paper proposes the idea of establishing carbendazim (CBZ) colorimetric determination in spiked water samples by specific aptamers of unlabeled carbendazim (CBZ), gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and cationic polymer poly-diallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDDA). In the absence of CBZ, the CBZ aptamer will react with the cationic polymer PDDA by electrostatic interaction to form a complex structure. Therefore, the gold nanoparticles will remain dispersed due to the lack of PDDA. However, when CBZ is added into the sensory system, the CBZ-specific aptamer can selectively capture CBZ to form a stable complex structure. Due to the consumption of the aptamer, PDDA is unable to interact with the aptamer and begins to induce aggregation of AuNPs, thereby causing the color of the solution to change from red to blue. Colorimetric determination of CBZ based on the specific recognition of aptamer and the PDDA-induced aggregation of AuNPs has a detection limit of 2.2 nM, a linear range (R = 0.9960) from 2.2 to 500 nM. The method has good sensitivity and specificity, and the average recovery of CBZ is 94.9–104.8% in the application of actual water samples. This colorimetric method is simple, time-saving and low requirements for equipment, therefore, it holds great potential for CBZ detection in the environmental water samples.
Circular dichroism, DNA structure, Sensors, Nanostructures, Materials, Biochemistry