Contrasting Thermodynamics Governs the Interaction of 3-Hydroxyflavone with the N-Isoform and B-Isoform of Human Serum Albumin
Atanu Nandy, Ushasi Pramanik, Paritosh Mahato, Shashi Shekhar, Bijan K. Paul, Saptarshi Mukherjee
Herein we report the interaction of 3-hydroxyflavone (3HF) with various isomeric forms of Human Serum Albumin (HSA), namely, the N-isoform (or native HSA at pH 7.4) and the B-isoform (at pH 9.2). Spectroscopic signatures of 3HF reveal that the interaction of 3HF with the N-isoform of HSA results in significant lowering of absorbance of the neutral species (λabs ∼ 345 nm) with concomitant increase of the anionic species (λabs ∼ 416 nm) whereas interaction with the B-isoform of HSA leads to selective enhancement of absorbance of the anionic species. The fluorescence profile of 3HF displays marked increase of intensity of the proton transferred tautomer (λem ∼ 538 nm) as well as the anionic species (λem ∼ 501 nm) for both the forms of the protein. However, analyses of the associated thermodynamics through temperature-dependent isothermal titration calorimetric (ITC) indicate that the interaction of 3HF with the N-isoform of HSA is more enthalpic in the lower temperature limit while the entropy contribution predominates in the higher temperature limit. Consequently, the 3HF–HSA (N-isoform at pH 7.4) interaction reveals an unusual thermodynamic signature of a positive heat capacity change (ΔCp = 3.84 kJ mol–1K–1) suggesting the instrumental role of hydrophobic hydration. On the contrary, the 3HF–HSA (B-isoform at pH 9.2) interaction shows qualitatively reverse effect. Consequently, the interaction is found to be characterized by an enthalpy-dominated hydrophobic effect (negative heat capacity change, ΔCp = −1.15 kJ mol–1K–1) which is rationalized on the basis of the nonclassical hydrophobic effect.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Chemical stability, Biochemistry