Evidence of bovine serum albumin-viologen herbicide binding interaction and associated structural modifications
Swarup Roy, Shailendra K. Saxena, Suryakant Mishra, Priyanka Yogi, P.R. Sagdeo, Rajesh Kumar
Journal of Molecular Structure
The binding ability of viologen herbicide with bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been investigated to understand viologen associated hazards by investigating ethyl viologen's (EV) binding using various spectroscopies and in-silico molecular docking approaches. Apparent association constant (1.3 × 104 L/mol), calculated using UV–Vis spectra indicating a moderate complex formation between BSA and EV. A static mode of fluorescence quenching has been observed as evident from inverse temperature dependence of Stern-Volmer quenching constant which also confirms an EV–BSA complex formation. Emission and time resolved fluorescence studies reveal that the emission quenching of BSA with EV is initiated by static quenching mechanism. A moderately strong binding affinity between EV and BSA has been observed (binding constant value of 7.58 × 104 L/Mol) using fluorescence quenching titration, obtained at 298 K. Quantitative measurements of thermodynamic parameters like enthalpy and entropy changes clearly indicates hydrophobic force responsible for EV–BSA complex formation. The binding distance between EV and BSA was found to be 4.48 nm are involved in non-radiative energy transfer process. Furthermore, from the circular dichroism spectra it was observed that addition of EV is also found to change the secondary structure of BSA which leads to decrease in α-helix. Above mentioned results are found to be in consonance with molecular docking simulations and supports the EV–BSA binding.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Ligand binding, Biochemistry